Two historical problems of Iran’s automotive industry


Iran's automotive industry has always been one of the most popular industries, and at the beginning of each year when the annual program is determined, attention is focused on the impact of this annual goal in the automotive industry In the book "Sociology of Intimacy" by Mr. Hassan Naraghi, it is stated that a large part of our social problems is due to the unresolved mental concerns of people, such as not being honest with themeselves and the world around them. Then they try to do many of their activities in disguise and pretense to make up for their identity deficiencies with rhetoric and heroism. To be honest, words like "National Car", "Local Production", " Reduces Unemployment " and "Value Creation" are among the slogans of our automotive industry, which we have been forced to rejoice in because the main concerns have not been resolved. My goal in this article is to try to be honest by focusing on two old pains, one from a macro perspective and the other from a micro perspective and especially in the automotive field. The first pain: Sanction As far as I remember, our country has been involved in war since the Islamic Revolution and has been involved in various sanctions since then. As we know, in the face of international sanctions and isolation, all goods will become strategic goods, and as a matter of fact that resources are limited, the distribution of limited resources among a wide variety of goods will make none of the manufactured goods competitive. They should not be at the international level and also it should not be possible to attracting the foreign capital. Of course, please keep in mind that in the context of sanctions, from the very beginning, the purpose of producing goods was "to meet the need in any way possible" and not to "supply the best "or "competitive aspect". In the current situation where our country's share of world trade is less than half a percent, our foreign exchange claims on other countries are more than $ 50 billion, in a few countries less than a handful of global isolation and finally our products are not competitive in level of international, what that urgently needed is to establish international relations with the international community, or at least the countries concerned, in the form of influential regional colonies or multi-player colonies. The second pain: incompetent managers Although car officials have always hiding their mistakes by misaddressing to the sanctions, I believe that the main problem of our car industry is the lack of professional competence of our managers and officials. If we consider the role of the Ministry of Industry, Mines and Trade, which is responsible for the import, production and export of the country, as responsible for the purchase, production and sale of an organization, it is easy to understand that these key roles are the core process of any organization and guarantee The survivor or non-survivor will be that organization. Needless to say, in the face of organizational sanctions and limited access to resources and customers, the role of these organizational units will naturally be much more sensitive. As long as the role of the Ministry of Industry is so important, how is it that during the eight years of Mr. Rouhani's presidency, a ministry of this importance and at the height level of sanctions, for the sixth time in the middle of 1399, sees a change of helmsman again! Gentlemen Nematzadeh (4 years and 17 days), Shariatmadari (1 year and 2 months), Rahmani (1 year, 6 months and 17 days), Modares Khiabani (3 months supervisor), Sarghini (1 month and 13 days supervisor) and finally Mr. Razm Hosseini (from six months ago and possibly until the next three months) has been the helmsman of this key ministry. Sorry, but it must be admitted that the vegetable shop is not able to plan and prosper with these short tenure periods, what about the national growth rate and Iran's automotive industry under the Ministry of Industry, Mines and Trade at the highest level of sanctions. Reviewing of this issue, especially in the automotive sector, shows that IRANKHODRO, as the largest automaker in Iran, was established and owned by the Khayami brothers for 17 years before the Iran revolution. After the revolution, the longest management period of this company was Mr. YekehZare from September 1992 to August 1998, since he was arrested in Iran Khodro's office, and the second automaker, SAIPA has a much weaker record in terms of managers' tenure. The importance of the issue becomes more apparent when we know that the phenomenon of changes in car manufacturing is Bus-Type and has whipping effects in the organization and frequent changes affect senior to sometimes middle levels of the organization managers. Therefore, car managers who just consider themselves for a short term, have to do symbolic or merely effective things in the short term. They will never envision long-term thinking and infrastructure for the organization. Of course, this issue is subject to the management position being considered by people, regardless of insiders or outsiders, who have been selected based on having sufficient literacy in the alphabet of the automotive industry. Iran's automotive industry, most of which is quasi-government, is now suffering heavy accumulated losses, the corona crisis, the impossibility of privatization, the problems of the Islamic banking system, rising wages, market confusion resulting from elections, and declining purchasing power. The automobile industry is the next highest importance in our country after oil and gas, and what has now emerged, regardless of all the root problems and events at the community level, is a sense of psychological insecurity for private sectors and the people. This part of the industry desperately needs stability and long-term planning. In order to fulfill the slogan of the year, I sincerely hope that with the new president in office, a person in charge of this position will become important, knowing that the undisciplined and capricious structures are prone to pimping and corruption. In my opinion, to achieve competitive production, using experts and technocrats is the most valuable support and establishing international trade relations is the most important obstacle.